What number state is new YorkWhat's New York?
New York State is known as the Empire State, and for good reasons. The state of New York is superlative. Obviously, everyone knows the most popular town in the worid, New York Town, and it is certainly a first-class tourist resort, but the state is so much more than just a renowned megacity.
Cross the Manhattan's ravines and you will find a large state with a multitude of rides. With Niagara Falls, Finger Lakes farmhouses and vineyards, the wild Adirondack wildlife, and the large and small towns spread across the state, every nook and cranny of New York has something you won't find anywhere else.
A few folks say New York has two regions: and Upstate, aussi alles andere. Indeed, New York is a great state with a number of different itineraries. Extensively rustic, rugged and hilly, the Catskills are a favorite holiday spot for New Yorkers, but they also have much to provide the traveller from abroad.
Albany state capitol and neighboring towns embed the tip of the Hudson Valley, which stretches to the southern suburbs of New York City. Adirondack Mountains are the real wildlife of New York, sheltered by a vast state reserve covering most of the upstate.
Nordland is ruled by large open spaces between distant towns, with a cultural heritage reminiscent of neighbouring Canada. St. Lawrence River and its thousands of islands are an important target in this area. Featuring rolling countryside and streams, towns and farming, tough work and relaxation, Central New York is a micro cosmos of New York as a whole.
The area is populated by several hundred vineyards and the town of Rochester is a centre for wine growing and wine production. The southern animal borders Pennsylvania's Northern Tier and is a largely rustic area with some medium-sized towns but with several distinct architectural, social and commercial landmarks. Buffalo and the world-famous Niagara Falls are the main tourist sites on the border with Niagara, but the east of the area also offers historical, agricultural, manufacturing and waterway experiences.
The best-known and most famed town in the hemisphere, New York has huge high-rise buildings, ethnical variety, multinational groups and unparalleled cultur. An ancient manufacturing town with a long tradition of technology and development, Rochester is now home to renowned colleges and the renowned Niagara Falls "garbage plate" - a mighty and impressive series of cascades on the Canada frontier and the "honeymoon capitol of the world". Before it was settled in Europe, the area now known as New York was home to a number of Indian people.
In the Iroquois Confederation (or Haudenosaunee), consisting of the Cayuga, Onondaga, Seneca, Mohawk, Oneida and Tuscarora clans, there was an important early practice in prestigious democracies. New York's origins in Europe began in New Amsterdam on Manhattan Island. Later, from there, Holland and then England colonists extended north along the Hudson River to today's Albany, then westward along the Mohawk River.
Locations in this part of New York were of central importance during the Revolutionary War, especially in Saratoga just off Albany, and New York City briefly became the country's first city. The Erie Canal from Buffalo to Albany, which ended in 1825, caused a real demographic upheaval.
Towns like Rochester sprouted up almost over night and could readily transport their goods eastward and westward, and New York City at the Hudson estuary became the young country's most bustling and important port. As New York flourished for centuries, its towns served as industrial, commercial and cultural centres for the whole state.
As more and more areas of the West opened up and began to populate, New York stayed the Empire State. After the Civil War, the port of New York was used as a point of entrance for innumerable migrants, which helped to create a varied, energy-packed city. For over 150 years New York has been the most densely populated country and has many important and powerful personalities among its indigenous children and daughter.
New York's impact has diminished somewhat since the mid-twentieth Century as the populations of California, Texas and Florida have increased, but New York continues to be one of the nation's most dominion. There' s no succinct way to describe the New York geographical situation except perhaps to say that it is'diverse'.
New York, an important Atlantic harbour, is naturally located at an altitude aboveseas. As a small hub, it connects Long Island (in the east) and the remainder of the state (in the north) - to get to one from the other, you have to drive through New York Central. To the north of the town is the predominant part of the state, known as "Upstate New York".
To the north of the Mohawk River and to the north of Lake Ontario is the huge Adirondack Mountains, which are slowly giving way to the St. Lawrence River Channel in the most northern part of the state. There are four different times of the year in New York. New York is known for its violent winter.
Every year, the big towns in the hinterland vie for the "coveted" Golden Snowball Award for most centimetres of powder - a small amount of boast for a town that shovels itself out of the pile of wood. By contrast, New York is almost tropic. New York starts off rather warm and humid, especially near Lake Ontario, as the lake's water is now thoroughly cooled by winters.
The English language is widely used in the state, as anticipated. There are other different regularity of language in dispersed bags across the country, especially English, Polish and Iberian. It is almost certain that travellers from abroad will arrive at one of New York City's main airport; while the large hinterland towns have an airport that can handle intercontinental traffic, they are quite infrequent.
IATA JFK (John F. Kennedy International Airport), Queens (Jamaica), phone: and Newark Liberty International Airport (IATA: EEA), Newark, New Jersey, telephone: La Guardia Airport (IATA: LGA), flushing (Queens), telephone: International Airport Buffalo Niagara (IATA: BUF), 4500 Genesee St. Cheektowaga, phone: Rochester International Airport (IATA: ROC), 1200 Brooks Ave. Rochester, telephone: Hancock International Airport (IATA: SYR), Colonel Eileen Collins Blvd.
IATA Albany International Airport (IATA: ALB), 373 Albany Shaker Rd. Albany, telephone: MacArthur Long Island Airport (IATA: ISP), 100 Arrivals Ave. West County County Airport (IATA : HPN), 240 Airport Rd. STÄWTWART International Airport (IATA: SWF), 1 Express Dr. Newburgh, +1 845 567-2563,. Binghamton Airport (IATA: BGM), 2534 Airport Rd. Sixteen Box Johnson City, +1 607 763-4471,.
Tompkin's Regional Airport (IATA: ITH), 72 Brown Rd. Elmira Corning Regional Airport (IATA: ELM), 276 Sing-Sing Rd. Horseheads, phone: IATA Jamestown (IATA: JHW), Saranac Lake (IATA: SLK), Plattsburgh (IATA: PBG) and Niagara Falls (IATA: IAG) have very small airfields with only a few regular daily services. The General Air Transport sector is spread all over the country.
Your journey will depend on where you come from: From Lower Ontario, Toronto and the points to the East (including Detroit): Use the QEW; it ends at the Peace Bridge (US$3/CA$3) and takes you to I-190 in Buffalo. Detroit residents sometimes drive around Lower Ontario rather than around Lake Erie to the southwest.
Coming from Ohio and West Pennsylvania: The I-90 becomes the New York State Thruway (see Get around for details) at the PA-NY boundary. U.S. 219 northbound at Olean, heading for Buffalo. U.S. 15 joins I-86 at Corning; you can take NY 15 or I-390 to Rochester. The I-84 crosses the lower part of the state.
The I-95 is the most important itinerary on the eastern shore and runs through New York City. The I-95 links Boston with New York City, the I-90 with Albany. The more northerly trails are seldom. The Autoroute 15 is your autoroute just outside of Montreal; it is on the I-87. Many of the locomotives passing through New York, especially the Pennsylvania Station in New York City.
The Acela Express is a high-speed New York City rail service from Philadelphia, Baltimore and Washington, D.C. Lake Shore Limited runs from Chicago via Cleveland, Buffalo and Albany to New York City. The Cardinal comes from Chicago via Cincinnati and Washington, D.C. New York is a great state, but it is not so big that it is not possible to drive.
The drive from Buffalo to New York City is only about seven long hrs. too long for a full days out, but a week-end getaway is possible. Alternatively, take a small local plane from one of the inland towns to New York; more expensively, but the journey only takes 45-90 mins. in the sky.
Amtrak also operates a train that connects the five big towns to find an interim route. Large parts of the state are serviced by an appropriate motorway system, complemented by state roads that run between all but the smallest towns. New York Express Way departures are consecutively named, a fact that is inconspicuous for New England but potentially bewildering for everyone else.
New York's main freeway is the New York State Thruway, which leads on the I-90 from the Pennsylvania frontier to the northwest, to Buffalo, then eastwards past Rochester, through Syracuse and to Albany. The I-90 goes on to Boston, while the freeway takes the I-87 southbound to New York City.
Thruway, a paid highway, is the main line between the big inland towns and is often used to get to and from New York. Anticipate paying about four pennies per nautical metre ($13. 10 from downtown Buffalo to downtown Albany for a vehicle without a trailer, for instance).
While most New Yorkers complain about the fare, they still charge for the efficiencies the itinerary provides. There is a lower-priced but slightly more sluggish westbound to New York City via the I-86, the Southern Tier Expressway. The I-86 is replacing State Routes 17, which is still in the course of being updated to interstate standard; you will come across some junctions just east of morning, but it is still a fast and toll-free itinerary.
One of the most slow but "interesting" routes through the state is the U.S. Routes 20. It is a coastal to coastal road in the north of the USA and occupies much of the same terrain as Interstate 90. U.S. 20 is, however, much older and leads through innumerable old towns, which are situated just to the south of the motorway.
It' a straightforward two-lane expressway for most of its length in New York, but if you have the boredom and stamina, it can be more interesting than the long sections of the Nothing along the Thruway or the Southern Tier Expressway. The I-81 and I-87 are the main north-south links. The I-81 departs from the thousand islands on the Canada frontier via Syracuse and Binghamton to Pennsylvania.
The I-87 ( "Northway" just off Albany) links Montreal in Quebec with Albany and New York City. The I-88 runs diagonal northeast-southwest and establishes a link between Binghamton and Albany. Its only major east-west trade lane over the tip of the state is the U.S. 11, which departs from the I-81 in Watertown and runs eastwards and then eastwards.
There is a good road system in New York, complemented by district roads in some districts. The majority of towns are located at the crossroads of two or more state roads, and the signs are usually clear, making it relatively easy to find your way to a particular location. They can be quite sure that the state roads are well kept (also ploughed in winter) and seldom too far away from civilisation.
You can plan some interesting travel paths on a specific itinerary, no matter where it goes. As a rule, one- and two-digit state roads are the main ones, although there are many exemptions; one should not only start from the number. The main international corridors are 3, 5, 7, 17 and 104. New York's communities are well equipped for the cold season, but sometimes it can get so intense that even their teams of experts can't keep up.
Watch out for directions; in New York, when they say keep off the road, they really mean it! Mobile telephone services can Spotty in the north of the state, note that you may not be able to call for help on the motorways in this area.
Legislation requires your headlamps to be on when your windscreen cleaners are on. In New York City, however, this principle is turned around. Unless otherwise specified, the national maximum allowed road speeds are 55 kph, as is the case for 65 kph country highways. Road speeds will generally be limited to 30 within towns and towns, except on the suburbs, where it could be 35-45.
The Amtrak network provides transportation services primarily in the Big Five towns. Chicago's Lake Shore Limited has bus stations in Buffalo, Rochester, Syracuse, Utica, Schenectady and Albany, from where drivers can transfer to Boston or (with a stop at Croton-on-Hudson) to Penn Station in New York City. Empire Services begins in Niagara Falls, but follows the same itinerary as Lake Shore Limited when it arrives in Buffalo, with some extra stations along the way.
Adirondack Line runs approximately on the I-87 from New York City to Montreal. Ethan Allen Express separates from the Adirondack road and goes to Vermont instead of Quebec. Throughout the state's history, the state' s pristine scenery ranges from the unmatched Niagara Falls and Eastern Grand Canyon, Letchworth State Park, to the unspoilt hilly countryside of the Catskills and Adirondacks, to the calm Finger Lakes.
Sightseeings of New York are also an important part of New York travel. New York Harbour Statue of Liberty is something every American should see at least once, and many a visitor has wasted his or her valuable experience by looking at every view in Manhattan. The Big Apple certainly has the lion's share of the state museum and sights, but that's no apology for disregarding the hinterland.
Buffalo, Rochester, Syracuse and Albany are also culture centres, and each has its own special attraction that you won't find in New York City. It' certainly true to say that no other state has as many Halls of Fame as New York. National Soccer Hall of Fame was in Oneonta ( "near Cooperstown" and Canastota in Central New York), but was shut down a few years ago.
Seneca Falls is home to the National Women's Hall of Fame, and the National Toy Hall of Fame is hosted at the Strong National Museum of Play in Rochester. A real four-season state, New York's plan of action differs greatly throughout the year. The city is the state' s own culture centre, with innumerable theatres and world-famous sporting clubs.
Neither of the inland towns compare in profiles or celebrities, but each of them has a choice of first-class tourist facilities and conveniences that are enough to promote the tourist industry without the masses of people and the frantic activities of their neighborhood. Catskills and Adirondacks are ideal for walking and camp, while the state's countless lakes - Lake Ontario, Lake Erie, Erie Canal and Hudson River - provide frequent boating during the summers.
Huntin' and fishin' is also a big deal in the hinterland. New York is not Colorado in winter, but there are many skiing areas and ice skating parks. By far the greatest of these is the Erie Co. Trade Show in Hamburg, just outside Buffalo - it is the third in size (and one of the oldest) provincial fairs in the land and even competes with the Great New York State Trade Show (just before Syracuse).
Of course, New York is the centre of pro sport, and you'll find Big Apple sport team supporters all over the state - even if some of them actually compete in New Jersey! Baseball's Yankees and Mets, Basketball's Knicks and Nets and Hockey's Rangers all take place in town; the Islanders are playing in Nassau County near by.
Jets and Giants and Red Bulls are playing outside the town, as are the New Jersey Devils (hockey). The northern part of the island has a smaller and more traditional sport shop. In the Buffalo Bills (football) and Buffalo Sabres (hockey), Buffalo has two big sides as far eastward as Syracuse.
Backcountry pros are the greatest in the country. Buffalo, Rochester and Syracuse all have AAA associations that have almost a great deal of skill with small division prizes. The Binghamton has an AA team, while Auburn, Batavia, Fishkill, Jamestown, Oneonta and Troy (as well as Brooklyn and Staten Island in New York City) have short-term team. Ice hockey is also very popular in the hinterland as well.
Rochester, Syracuse, Binghamton, Albany and Glens Falls all have clubs in the American Hockey League, the second stage of pro football, while Elmira has an ECHL outfit. It is also a breeding ground for recreational poker, and no state has more collegiate poker crews than New York. There are ten New York schools and academies playing Division I men's and eight women's and fourteen D-III-teamed.
NYH high school produces some of the most prominent Lacrosse artists, and this is mirrored in the increasing appeal of our professionally crafted varnish. Both Rochester and Buffalo have indoors in the Nationalacrosse League, while Rochester and Hempstead (on Long Island) have outdoors in Major Leagueacrosse. Both have the best pros in the game.
Football is very much loved by the young people of New York, but pro football has a hard time asserting itself. While Rochester has a second tier women's and men's side (and an Indoor side), New York City has a second tier men's side (first tier men's and women's side playing in New Jersey).
As a destination for so many migrants, New York City is of course home to some of the most genuine and varied ethnical kitchens in the state. But there is also a lot of variation in the hinterland, in towns that are not known for their many-sidedness. Of course, US food is omnipresent, except perhaps in areas of New York City such as Chinatown and Little Italy.
Italians ( "much of it American, admittedly) can also be found throughout the state. Buffalo is home to some of Poland's specialities, and Northland has a French-Canadian touch to its cooking. It is remarkable that each of the towns in the hinterland seems to have its own cuisines. The Buffalo is known for its poultry wing, but also for its "beef on the go".
It is home to the "White Hots" and the popular "Garbage Teller" at noon. The state laws require nightclubs to shut at 4am, although some districts and communities can fix an early closure date; outside New York City, Albany and Buffalo bar closures are usually much sooner. Riding the high road is a federal offence in New York State.
It' s against the law in New York State to use a mobile while driving a car or a bike, unless you're using a hands-free kit. Infringees should face high penalties, even if the level of implementation differs greatly from state to state. Stags are very widespread in New York and represent a menace to drivers, especially at nights.
A number of south-eastern New York counts have the doubtful difference that they have some of the highest Lyme borreliosis levels in the state. Use a tweezer to wipe off all of your goats' hair to avoid the tip getting caught in your hide as Lyme sputum is spreading. New York contains some types of venomous snake, such as the Copperhead, the Eastern Massasauga and the Timber Rattlesnake.
DON'T drive with a hand firearm to New York State: Holders of a small arm must have a New York State licence granted by a shire or metropolitan area within the state, such licences are not granted to non-residents (with small exemptions for shopkeepers from neighbouring countries). The State of New York does not recognise or have reciprocal licences with other States.
NYPD will detain those found with small arms without a New York State arsenal. There is a significant margin of appreciation for the policemen, which is "reasonable". As per the ownership and carry of long weapons (long guns); the statutes regarding the transport of long weapons (guns and shotguns) in or through New York State are similar to the statutes of neighbouring pro-gun states such as Pennsylvania or Vermont.
Weapons ( "assault rifles") can be taken to the state and worn for sports use. Bringing them on the field requires a governmental hunt licence, which is not hard to obtain. New York metro tourists, who later visited the Catskills area, will see a great transformation in the culture of gun fire within a few hour.
Whilst civil ownership of a self-defence gun is practically non-existent in New York City (only for the famed or ultra wealthy), some district policemen in the Catskills area have actually begged their homologated pistol holders to bear their guns as a means of deterrence to terrorism/mass-shooting. For this reason, it should be assumed that a citizen who carries a pistol in the Catskills area of the state is not only entitled to do so, but has also been called upon and urged to do so by the police.
From 2015, New York has legalised certain firecrackers to be marketed and used in parts of the state, if a particular shire allows it. It is also imprudent to take firecrackers purchased in other states to NY, as many could be illicit and the penalty for transport and use in the state could be sever.
The New York homosexual community was born in the United States with the Stonewall rebellion of 1969, and same-sex marriages were legalised in 2011 (the remainder of the nation followed in 2015). Most New Yorkers are social tolerance and accustomed to variety, even in some parts of the hinterland (not all) that are seen as more traditional than New York City.
It' important to recall that New York City was one of the objectives of the 9-11 attack, and the memories of 9-11 are still very vivid in New Yorkers' heads, especially in New York City. Both in the adirondacks and finger lakes, many locals take active resentment to be associated with New York City and consider the city as an overprivileged derivative on their control funds making a choosing block against their interests at the state level.
This grudge can be particularly high in poor areas in the hinterland. Whilst these differences of opinion are extremely unlikely to influence out of the state and foreigners, one should be prepared for very different attitudes among the upstate areas and New York City, especially regarding things such as rifle laws, homosexual marriages and personal ownership laws. It is controversial whether the "line" between the hinterland and the "hinterland" is exactly within 20 nautical mile of Interstate 84.
Vermont - The autumn leaves in New York's northeast neighbour is a place not to be missed, while the remainder of the year the state provides a country style unmatched in America. Maassachusetts - The native town of the American Revolutions, the state' s neighbour to the east is home to historic cities, the holiday hot spot of Cape Cod and the always interesting town of Boston.
ConnectCticut - New York's east neighbour is home to Yale University, the Mystic Seaport, the New Haven city centre restaurants and night life, the Maritime Aquarium and two large Indian canteens. The Garden State is situated just South of New York and offers everything from the splendour of Atlantic City to the migrating bird population of Cape May.
Overlooking the Niagara River, this part of Canada divides Niagara Falls and has everything from the elky town of Toronto to the Algonquin Provincial Park.