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New York State Comptroller Bureau
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Upstream New York
Infrastructures support the day-to-day lives and economies of the state. Seldom is information about the state' s infrastructures collected in one place and considered as a whole with the help of tens of thousands of units and civil servants responsible for the state' s infrastructural work. The New York State Council of the ASCE has prepared this reporting card for the New York State' s infrastructures in order to inform about the state of the infrastructures and to offer suggestions for their improvement.
We are construction designers responsible for many important parts of New York State's infrastructures, so we have understood the challenge it faces and used our knowledge to consolidate sophisticated information into an easy-to-understand analytical tool. If you are ill, ask a physician to help diagnosing the issue; construction workers are the physicians of infra-structure, so the Report Card is our diagnostic and our recipe for treatment of New York's infra-structure.
The city has an extensive web of interconnected infrastructures that serve the people and the New York business community. The New York environment contains many significant old -age asset values. You can' t just ignore our infra structure - it needs to be serviced and updated as needed to work in the morning and in the post. Proper maintenance of the current infrastructures is a good way to replace infrastructures in the years to come.
The New York State air transport system comprises 18 large passenger airfields such as LaGuardia and Buffalo, as well as 67 smaller open airfields. More than $4.7 billion in the next ten years. The three New York City regional airports are already a major contributor to aircraft latencies across the country, requiring 188 very highways.
Federal, state and municipal financing of investment in New York's major international airfields accounts for less than 2% of the $50 billion in annual profits generated by New York's major international airfields. There are 17,456 viaducts in New York - basically one for every seven mile of state roads, and enough to extend from Albany to Miami.
Over 50% of New York's New York city' bridging facilities are 75 years old, and over 400 New York city' bridging facilities are 100 years old. In New York, too, there are 2,012 structures that need to be maintained or improved to ensure the safe operation of goods and commuteers. Overall, New York's narrow streets are often in a poorer state than the state bridge.
Recently, for example, only 385 state and municipal bridge structures have been repaired over a two-year period, which is less than 10% of the total number of bridge structures in need of overhaul. About 100 New York State overpasses are currently shut due to serious defects. The state of New York has more than 7,000 embankments that supply potable and irrigated waters, flooding prevention, fire prevention, recreational activities and hydroelectric power.
New York embankments are 69 years old on averages, 400 of which are classed as High Hazards. Out of the highly endangered government embankments, 392 have emergency planning for the state. Work on 58 New York State's Dams has begun since the New York State's Dam Security Regulations were revised in 2009 to improve security.
The challenge remains, however, as $152 million is needed to fix the inadequate High Hazard and Intermediate Hazard embankments in New York. 10,147 controlled watersystems in New York State deliver safe drinking waters to 20 million New Yorkers. Almost 95% of New York's residents obtain their drinking from the state's municipal distribution system.
Unfortunately, 95% of the potable revolving fund programme improvements that have been proposed are unfinanced due to strong demands. On the other hand, the latest estimation of fixing, substituting and upgrading New York State's potable gas infrastructures is $38. 7 billion over 20 years. Since almost half of the New York City pipe system was installed before 1941, it would take 100 years or more to replace the old pipe at the present time.
The ageing New York state potable wate system offers many opportunities, from common burst pipes and major system upgrade work to reconstruction following windstorm damage. In New York is the nation's first state parc, Niagara Falls State Parc, and the United States' biggest open-air parc, Adirondack Parc, along with 179 other state parcs, 35 historic places and nearly 335,000 hectares of parc.
With 62 million inhabitants per year, New York is at the forefront of the nation's campsite and facility operations. But the New York parking system has experienced difficult periods. In 2011, New York has shifted course and pledged to make up for the decline in the city' s infrastructures with 279 fund enhancement programs in 109 parklands and historical locations.
The New York parking system is expected to record an $900 million invested in state owned parking facilities with government and government funds and best practice by 2020. The 240,000 mi of New York State's roads are crucial to the state' s economic system and the well-being of all. But one third of New York's main motorways are in bad or even equitable conditions, even though the number of kilometres travelled by New Yorkers is increasing, leading to paralyzing traffic jams and rising running expenses.
As a matter of fact, New York City area riders who sit for half the state' s total resident populace, each garbage 53 hrs a year only in transport. Bad streets also taste of countryside, where the probability of death is three time higher than on other streets in New York. We are using both traditional government support programmes and specific campaigns, such as the New York plants, to make up for the shortfall.
New York must invest about $40 billion in streets by 2030 to keep pace with that. Over the last 20 years, however, the total amount of rubbish in New York has been cut in half from 14. The State of New York has intensified the management of wastes by reducing, re-using and reusing them, which includes composted organics and changes in the practice of electrical scrap, but the shift in the emphasis from disposal to reducing wastes will maintain the advances made.
Throughout New York, more drivers, aging cars, financial loopholes and infrastructures that were constructed over 100 years ago and need to be more robust today than ever before are being pushed beyond their capacities. The New York Metropolitan Transportation Authority's comprehensive metro and public transport system serves over 7 million passengers a day, and the state's transiting system outside New York City comprises over 100 transitsystems across the state of New York, supplying important services to over 550,000 passengers in city, metropolitan and countryside areas.
Over the next five years, $1 billion will be needed to keep the rail network in good condition and increase passenger demands. The expected funds will, however, only meet 43% of the needs for transport infrastructures, resulting in a financing shortfall of $577 million. The New York City transportation system needs $68 billion over the next 20 years, along with new technology, to substitute ageing system elements and enhance the overall transiting services experience.
Whilst transport infrastructures remain finding cutting-edge ways to increase passenger numbers and increase efficiencies, these advances will not be a substitute for the need for future financing of infrastructures. Throughout New York State, 610 small and large sewage plants are responsible for maintaining the purity and safety of waters. But the ageing nature of the state' s infrastructures has become a serious issue - 1 in 4 New York sewage plants have a 30-year service lifecycle, the average age of sewage facility equipping is 30+ years, and 30% of the 22,000 subterranean sewer leagues are 60+ years old and operate beyond their useful age.
Repairing, replacing and upgrading New York's sewerage system would require $36.2 billion in 20 years. The New York Sewerage Financing Programme is just not enough to make half of the necessary reinvestments in the country's infrastructures; for every US Dollars needed, only 20 Cent will be spent on purifying the NYW. The infrastructural issues of our country can be solved if we are leaders and committed to putting good thinking into practice.
To improve the quality of our infra-structure, we need to look for and implement a broad spectrum of options. It is no longer possible for us to postpone investments in our country's crucial infrastructural sys-tems. Intelligent investments will only be possible with management, budgeting and a clear visions for the country's infrastructures. To make our infrastructures more robust, we need to use new methods, raw material and technology.