New York long Term WeatherLong-term weather in New York
However, in the most northerly climates, where the weather is heating up more rapidly than the overall mean, it was the most extremes, according to a survey by Oxford University and the World Weather Attribution Net. When analysing weather station readings from seven weather forecasting points in North Europe, the scientists found that the nearer a municipality is to the Arctic Circle, the greater the amount of overheating.
Numerous Norwegian, Swedish and Finnish cap states reached new heights this past year, with the Arctic Circle reaching almost 90 degrees. It is not only much warmer than usual in the Nordic and West of Europe, the weather is also more volatile. Provisional results from the Oxford survey show that in some places the probability of the warm weather in Europe this past sommer has more than doubled.
After 2060, temperature levels that were previously considered to be runaways - as in the spring of 2003, when at least 70,000 persons throughout Europe were killed - will become the "norm for the summer", said Jean Jouzel, who received the Nobel Prize in 2007 as Vice-President of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
Occasionally, hot flashes could drive European temperature towards 120 Celsius, unless there is a drastic slowing of the trend towards overheating. For many years it has been gradually melted, but the changes became more apparent this past June, after the height of June 1767, when the state began to keep an overview, according to Innsbruck University scientists.
Here, we are beginning to understand the issue of climatic changes as something that will transform many facets of Europeans' lifestyles, disrupt or curtail some parts of the European economies and stop popular indigenous tradition such as the banning of the outdoor barbeque this year in parts of Sweden in order to minimise the risk of fires.
"Every year in Europe, about 5 per cent of Europeans are confronted with an extremely severe climatic phenomenon - be it a hot spell, a tide, a drough. However, in the second half of this century, if we do not control the effects of temperature change, we could see two out of three Europeans facing extremes of climatic events," said Mr Jouzel, quoting a recent report in The Lancet Planetary Health.
However, this past year the 50-year-old take-off and landing strips in the 93-degree hot weather in the town of Hanover in the north of Germany distorted and the travellers were detained for horsehand. Throughout the whole of North Germany, droughts are affecting large numbers of growing plants, and the towns and villages are asking the people to help the trees there. Switzerland, where the flocks are taken to high pasture in summers, the dryness has left the animals without sea.
The peasants turned to the country's helicopters and the Swiss Air Force to carry every weeks ten thousand gallon of fresh air to keep the flocks intact. Last year, the organisation carried out an assistance missions in the south of 2003, but this year the condition is even more extreme", as some peasants are considering to slaughter their flocks, said Mr Garmann.
Heli-Linth' CEO Reto Rüesch, a member of the German Helicopters' Union, said that his business carries out 30 to 40 daily journeys, each with 250 gal. per journey. So far, the French weather has not set any record. These include the rise in ocean level, which climatologist Bréon underestimates.
"Respecting the Paris agreement on global warming and stabilising the temperature at two°C higher than in pre-industrial times, ocean levels will still be rising for many hundred years. Growth trends are shifting in England, as in almost all of Europe. The Swedes have experienced some of the most serious effects of the heat, beginning with the wildfires which, according to David Sundström of the Swedish Contingencies Agency, have been destroying more than 61,000 hectares of wood.
Mr. Becker is CEO of Heli-Linth, a member of the Swiss Federation of Helicopters, not of the Swiss Federation of Helicopters itself.