Arizona RangersThe Arizona Ranger
.. Initially designed to combat outlaw infestation in the thinly inhabited Arizona territory, especially along the Mexico frontier.....
Primordial rangers were an élite, well-trained and initially a mysterious company, assembled on top class ponies and armed with advanced weaponry at the cost of the state. Rangers were very efficient at arresting gang members. Arizona Ranger Organisation is a non-profit organisation without state authorities.
First Arizona Rangers were organised to monitor the new booming goldmining cities and stockpiles in the west half of New Mexico Territory created after the first bullion in Gila City in 1858. Arizona State historian Marshall Trimble reveals in his Arizona Rangers story, dating back to 1861, "Arizona's first Ranger may have been one of the creators of Phoenix, Jack Swilling.
" When the Confederate Arizona Territory was founded, the territorial governor John Robert Baylor ruled that he had to add to established militarised rangers, modelled on the Texas Rangers of wartime. The first Confederate Rangers Group, Baylor's Rangers Regulation of Arizona Rangers, was put into operation in the city of Dona Ana just off today's Las Cruces, New Mexico, on January 25, 1862, under the command of Captain Sherod Hunter.
Hunter's Company was made up of about 75 men, most of whom lived in the new Confederate Territory of Arizona. Confederate Arizona Rangers were equipped with guns and Springfield Model 1847 smooth-bored Musetoons, probably from Union Fort Fillmore, after giving up in August 1861. Company A was ordered on February 10, 1862 to take possession of Tucson, the biggest city in the Confederate West of Arizona.
Taking Tucson would also help Baylor defend the people and safeguard the Confederate right to the property of West Arizona, which had been surrendered by Union forces in 1861. Corporal Benjamin Mayo, who was killed on February 25 at the San Simon ward following the exposition, was killed in Tucson on February 28.
Arizona's California Column incursion would have come much earlier, but for the tactic of Captain Hunter and Company A. After Hunter's Company A withdrew from Tucson and arriving in Mesilla on May 27, 1862, it was organised with two Arizona militias, the Arizona Guards of Pinos Altos and the Arizona Rangers of Mesilla, under Herbert's Battalion of Arizona Cavalry under the leadership of Lt. Col Philemon T. Herbert.
She was the back-up for the remains of the Confederate Army of New Mexico when she retreated from El Paso to San Antonio in July 1862. At the end of May 1863 the Arizona battalion was cut back and dissolved by casualties. Firm A still had enough men to carry on as a viable firm, and was retained, but re-named the Arizona Scout Society, an autonomous corporation affiliated with the Green's Brigade.
Both other battalion troops were dissolved and the men were merged with those of Company A to the Arizona Scout Company. Arizona scouts went with them and battled smaller scuffles and carried out regular picketing and scout services for the remainder of 1864. Captain James Henry Tevis (who had recuperated from his injuries by then) was back in Arizona Scouts until General Edmund Kirby Smith handed over all confederated troops westward of the Mississippi on May 26, 1865.
Initially only one troop was authorised, comprising a skipper, a sarge and no more than twelve soldiers, but in 1903 the troop was expanded to twenty-six men. Many of the rangers who were in the early years veteran of Theodore Roosevelts Rough Riders were experienced riders, tracker and shooter.
As well as handling livestock thieves and other lawless people, the rangers were asked to address several major strike action by Mexico workmen at coal mining sites in Arizona and Sonora, Mexico. Thereupon, Captain Thomas H. Rynning commanded a troop of nearly 300 men to Cananea and helped the Mexico government successfully re-establish order.
The Arizona legislation of February 15, 1909 abolished the Arizona Rangers Act. In the seven years of its existence, 107 men were serving with the Rangers. Voting to dissolve was rejected by Republican Governor Joseph Henry Kibbey, but the democratically-dominated convention passed the vote, backed by scrutiny from Shire Shia riffs and Arizona's prosecutors in the north.
When the Arizona Rangers were dissolved, many of the former Rangers remained in criminal prosecution. In Cochise County, Harry C. Wheeler was named county marshal and Thomas Rynning became director of jail in Yuma, Arizona. In 1940, seven former Rangers came together again to participate together in the Prescott Rodeo Parade. The Arizona legislation of 1955 approved a $100 per month annuity for former rangers who had been serving for at least six month and were still living in Arizona.
In a 1905 issue of Pearson's Magazine, William MacLeod Raine described crimes in Arizona Territory and the efficacy of the Arizona Rangers. A non-profit organisation named Arizona Rangers was established in 1957, supported by four former members of the team. Arizona Rangers were formally recognised by the State of Arizona in 2002 when the Governor of Arizona, Jane Hull, ratified Legislative Act 41.
This act was aimed at "recognizing the Arizona Rangers, who were founded in 1901, dissolved in 1909, and restored by the Arizona Rangers in 1957. "Acknowledgement by the State of Arizona does not give the organisation an executive body. Arizona Rangers' first captain was Burton C. Mossman from Bisbee, Arizona.
Mossman, previously managing director of the 8,100 square kilometre Aztec Land and Case Race in the north of Arizona, had some achievements in managing the rustle of his company's beef. Mossman retired in July 1902, after successfully hiring and organising the initial rangers, to go back to the ranch. Arizona Rangers' third and last commandant was Harry C. Wheeler.
Generally, the men of the Arizona Rangers were extremly able; their heroic deeds were extensively covered by the daily papers. Many of these accounts are gathered in The Arizona Rangers, a publication by Joseph Miller. When the Baylor's Confederate Army arrived in Mesilla in early 1862 and declared a Confederate Territory of Arizona, the Arizona Territorial Rangers were dissolved by Captain Tevis, who became a member of the San Elizario Spy Company in the Confederate Army.
Confederate Territorial Governor General Baylor finally saw the need for the Rangers and founded Company A, Arizona Rangers as the first of three enterprises for the defence of Arizona Territory. It' been ordered by Captain Sherod Hunter and Second Lieutenant James Henry Tevis. Arizona Rangers were sent to Tucson to protect Arizona's territory in the west.
As the California Column expelled the Confederates from Arizona Territory, Arizona Rangers' organization was postponed for years. RKO's Arizona Ranger, a low-budget movie, was published in 1948 with Jack Holt and his boy Tim Holt. The Last Hard Men, 1976, portrays Charlton Heston Capt Picasso Sam Burgade, a pensioned Arizona Rangers officer who follows the reckless lawless man who fled jail and abducted Burgade's vendetta girl.
One Arizona Ranger can be heard in the track "Big Iron" on the record Gunfighter Ballads and Trail Songs by Marty Robbins. Broadcasted from 1957-1959, the synthesized West German TV show, 26 men, narrated the Arizona Rangers' tales. Tristram Coffin plays as Ranger Thomas H. Rynning. Arizona Territorial Rangers Renactment Group, based in Netcong, New Jersey, is a historic re-enactment group.
Willie Nelson portraits a pensioned Arizona Ranger in the movie to Toby Keith's track "Beer For My Horses". Westerly writer: Over thirty adventurous stories written by Ralph Cotton with the fictitious Arizona Territory Ranger Sam Burrack. Archives from the orginal on 24 April 2014. Archives from the orginal on 9 May 2008.
Arizona rangers. Archiveed from the orginal on January 4, 2012. Archives from the orginal on 15.06.2011.