American Landscape Painters

-American Landscape Painters

""Here the painter finds rarities and beauties. A biography of the American tonalist landscape painter: American landscape painting was born out of the revolutionary generation's desire to identify American images. In contrast, landscapes were often more imitative than innovative. The landscape painting was the dominant American art form of the 19th century.

American Landscape Painting in Brief

The landscape was created as an independent style in the seventeenth centuary, when sacred arts were forgotten in a progressive school. Throughout Europe, the landscape has developed from the background of rich landowners' portrait paintings to a prestigeous artistic expression created by the 1800s and 1900s romantics, who gave nature an allegoric and mythical meaning in response to the progress of Enlightenment science.

At the beginning of the 20th centuries, landscape painters began to predominate American culture with idealised pictures of a huge, untouched wildlife that mirrored a country whose identities and beliefs in its limitless perspectives were profoundly intertwined with its surroundings. When the American border was moved further west, landscape painters depicted the vanishing wild and the growing presences of contemporary civilisation in pictures that exalted or commemorated the cost of advancement for their patron.

Hudson River School, established by Thomas Cole in the second half of the nineteenth centuary, produced works of monumental proportions that sought to grasp the epoxy of the American landscape, which favoured the observation of physical aesthetics. Hudson River School like Albert Bierstadt produced works that brought the brute, frightening force of the outdoors to the fore.

In the 1870s, Thomas Moran's Yellowstone River painting contributed to persuading Congress to designate the Yellowstone area as a protected area. At the beginning of the twentieth century, pictures of romantically beautiful countryside began to be substituted by topics of urbanisation and the longing for the tranquillity of untouched eco-lands.

A group of New York based artistes under the direction of Robert Henri (the "Ashcan School" or urbane realists) concentrated on gravelly city-sceneries. Regionalist painters, a group of painters who worked mainly in the Midwest in the 1930' s, including Grant Wood, Thomas Hart Benton, John Steuart Curry and lesser-known painters such as Marvin Cone, painted profiles that exalted the work and lifestyles of the countryside of America.

Contemporary American painters have come closer to the landscape with a multitude of policies inspired by Western artistic trends such as abstracted impressionism and cubicism; Charles Sheeler drew industry sceneries in a way that predicted photorealist styles; Edward Hopper used a loose painting technique on both city and country sceneries; Georgia O'Keeffe made works that destilled nature into organically abstracted works; Milton Avery's reduced approach resulted in the unadulterated colour-field of the

Your story about Lisa Grossman, Kansas River Valley and Flint Hills Prague artists, was published in the July/August 2011 edition of The Artist's Magazine, available at For the July/August 2011 edition of The Artist's Magazine, click here. For the July/August 2011 edition of The Artist's Magazine click here.

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