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Albany, NY - Albany, New York Map & How to find us
AlbumY ( (i/??lb?ni?/ awl-b?-nee) is the nation's New York State Council, the headquarters of Albany County and the nation's largest state. Albany lies about 150 leagues (240 km) northeast of New York Downtown on the western shore of the Hudson River, about 16 km southward of its Mohawk River meet.
As of the 2010 survey date, the town had a total of 97,856 inhabitants and the area' s total inhabitants were put at 857,592 in 2009. It has strong links with the towns of Troy, Zhenectady and Saratoga Springs and forms a district known as the Capital District. Most of this area consists of the Albany-Schenectady-Troy Metroropolitan Statistical Area (MSA); this MSA is the 4th biggest area in New York and the 56-th biggest MSA in the state.
In 1614 Albany experienced its first occupation in Europe and was formally recognized as a town in 1686. In 1797 it became the capitol of New York. This is one of the oldest preserved villages from the initial thirteen settlings and the longest continually charters town in the United States. The modern Albany was established in 1614 as the Netherlands merchant post of Fort Nassau and in 1624 as Fort Orange; the trade in skins attracted a local community that established itself around Fort Orange and established a small town named Beverwijck.
In 1664 the English took over the village of Albany in honour of the then Duke of Albany, later James II of England and James VII of Scotland. In 1686 the Dongan Charta, the oldest valid urban rights in the country and possibly the oldest tool of urban governance in the western hemisphere, was charters.
Albany was a traffic centre during the latter part of the eighteenth and most of the nineteenth centuries. Albany's principal export was in those days beers, sawn timber, publishing products and iron works. From 1810 Albany was one of the ten most densely populated towns in the country, an award that lasted until the 1860s.
During the twentieth and twentieth centuries, the town opened one of the first passenger airfields in the whole wide globe, the forerunner of today's Albany International Airport. In the 1960', the urban sprawl was transformed with the building of the Empire State Plaza and the SUNY Albany uttown campus,[note 2] mainly under the leadership of Governor Nelson Rockefeller.
As Albany suffered a demographic downturn due to overdevelopment, many of his historical districts were protected from being destroyed by the policy of Erastus Corning 2, the most senior US municipal official. Recently, the town has seen rapid expansion in the high-tech industries, with major advances in the field of nanotechnologies.